MySQL Storage Engine – How to Convert MyISAM to InnoDB

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MySQL Storage Engine – How to Convert MyISAM to InnoDB

MySQL Storage Engine – How to Convert MyISAM to InnoDB

Storage Engine


Large-scale WordPress sites slow down for a variety of reasons, one of which being a database that hasn’t been optimized. In their databases, many older sites still use the MyISAM storage engine. InnoDB has shown to run better and be more reliable in recent years. The lack of full table-level locking is a major advantage of InnoDB versus MyISAM. This helps your queries to run more quickly.

InnoDB vs MyISAM
Do you use MyISAM or InnoDB for your database?
phpMyAdmin can convert MyISAM to InnoDB.
WP-CLI can convert MyISAM to InnoDB.
MyISAM vs. InnoDB
Here are a few key distinctions between InnoDB and MyISAM:

Row-level locking is available in InnoDB. Only full table-level locking is available in MyISAM.
Referential integrity is a feature of InnoDB that includes support for foreign keys (RDBMS) and relationship restrictions, which MyISAM lacks (DMBS).
Transactions are supported by InnoDB, thus you can commit and rollback. MyISAM, on the other hand, does not.
Because it employs transactional logs for auto recovery, InnoDB is more dependable. MyISAM, on the other hand, does not.
Are You Using MyISAM or InnoDB?
If you’re using WordPress for the first time, you’re probably already utilizing the InnoDB MySQL storage engine. However, if you have an older WordPress site, you should perform a fast check. Some sites may even have tables that are mixed and matched between MyISAM and InnoDB, which could benefit from conversion. To check, simply follow the steps below.

Step 1: Open phpMyAdmin and navigate to the mySQL database.

2nd Step
You can see which Storage Engine types your tables are utilizing by scanning or sorting the “Type” column. You can see that two of the tables are still utilizing MyISAM in the example below.

myisam tables can be found
Look for MyISAM tables.
You might also use a query to see whether any myISAM tables exist. Replace ‘database’ with the name of your database.

FROM information schema, SELECT TABLE NAME, ENGINE.

Convert MyISAM to InnoDB with phpMyAdmin
You may easily convert MyISAM to InnoDB. The wp comments table is used in this example. To convert it to the InnoDB storage engine, simply use the ALTER command. Note: Before performing any operations on your MySQL database, we always recommend backing it up.

TABLE CHANGE wp comments ENGINE=InnoDB; Make sure you’re using MySQL 5.6.4 or higher; otherwise, you might run into problems because InnoDB doesn’t support full-text indexing yet. You don’t have to worry about this if you’re a Kinsta customer.
Alternatively, you can use phpMyAdmin to manually convert them. Simply go to the “Operations” tab on the myISAM table and change the storage engine.

myisam table to innodb conversion phpmyadmin
MyISAM to InnoDB conversion

Convert MyISAM to InnoDB with WP-CLI

WP-CLI is a command-line tool that allows developers to manage basic (and not-so-common) WordPress operations. Check out this article on using WP-CLI to convert MyISAM to InnoDB.

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